There are large number of tools and equipments used in foundry shop for carrying out different operations such as sand preparation, molding, melting, pouring and casting. They can be broadly classified as hand tools, sand conditioning tool, flasks, power operated equipments, metal melting equipments and fettling and finishing equipments. Different kinds of hand tools are used by molder in mold making operations. Sand conditioning tools are basically used for preparing the various types of molding sands and core sand. Flasks are commonly used for
preparing sand moulds and keeping molten metal and also for handling the same from place to place. Power operated equipments are used for mechanizing processes in foundries. They include various types of molding machines, power riddles, sand mixers and conveyors, grinders etc. Metal melting equipment includes various types of melting furnaces such as cupola, pit furnace, crucible furnaces etc. Fettling and finishing equipments are also used in foundry work for cleaning and finishing the casting. General tools and equipment used in foundry are discussed as under.